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(Content provided by: St. Lucie County Health Department and the City of Vancouver)


After a disaster, water and sewage lines may be disrupted, and you may need to improvise emergency sanitation facilities.



Always have basic sanitation supplies on hand.


  1. To build a makeshift toilet…

If sewage lines are broken but the toilet bowl is usable, place a garbage bag inside the bowl. If the toilet is completely backed up, make your own. Line a medium-sized bucket with a garbage bag, and make a toilet seat out of two boards placed parallel to each other across the bucket. An old toilet seat will also work.

2. To sanitize waste…

After each use, pour a disinfectant (see disinfectants) such as bleach into the container. This will help avoid infection and stop the spread of disease. Cover the container tightly when not in use.


To dispose of waste


Water Substitutes

Water substitutes for cleansing


The best choice is a solution of 1 part liquid chlorine bleach to 10 parts water. Other commercial disinfectants include HTH, or calcium hypochlorite, which is available at swimming pool supply stores; portable chemical toilets, which are available through recreational vehicle supply stores; and powdered, chlorinated lime, which is available at building supply stores.


Keeping clean

Keeping clean is essential to good health. Because water is so precious and should be reserved for drinking purposes, consider other ways to wash the body.

Intestinal ailments

Consuming contaminated water and food can cause diarrhea, poisoning, and intestinal diseases. Take steps to protect against diseases.

Keep body, hands, and cooking and eating utensils clean

Controlling rodents and insects


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